Ülo Ennuste Economics

papers and articles in wordpress

NB: Eurostat PR 16.VI 14

EL28 maksukoormusmäärade trendid* on tosina aasta jooksul olnud praktiliselt üldiselt stabiilsed/harmoonilised: erandina Eesti efektiivne kasumimaks mis suveräänselt madalaimate grupis

Tõepoolest – tekstis Eesti nimetamine ainult kord ja järgmises lõigus:

Taxes (effective, üe) on capital (income,üe) accounted … in 2012. Shares of more than 25% (cluster, üe) were registered in Luxembourg (27.5%), the United Kingdom (27.4%), Malta (26.6%) and Cyprus (26.1%), and of less than 10% in Estonia (7.1%) and Slovenia (9.8%).“

 

Informatsiooniteooria aspektist jääb lisada ainult niipalju et kuna parajasti protsentide puhul tegemist on ligikaudsete statistiliste mõõtmisnäitude jagatistega (tegurite suthvead liituvad) siis rangemalt käsitledes tuleks arvestada riskiga et Eesti see 7,1% näit võib tegelt olla (10kuni4)% vahemikus ja seega ligi (3kuni4)korda madalam kõige kõrgema klastri tasemest.

 

Seega antud näidu puhul Eesti tasakaalustatusest EL28 suhtes ei saa juttugi olla – ilmselt on tegemist kasumimaksu kõlvatu oaasiga majandusliidu sees – ebaõiglasega kohaliku tavamaksumaksja suhtes sest oaas mahitab nt rahvusvahelisi transfeerkasumeid mis edasi väljamaadesse slikerdatakse ilma maksudeta ning on konkurentsikõlvatu teiste liikmesriikide suhtes kapitalituru solkimisega.

 

Kahjuks see Eurostati teade jätab vastutustundetult märkimata liikmesriikide maksusüsteemide kvaliteedi indikaatorid nagu progresseeruv v. regresseeruv ning majanduslikku ebavõrdsust leevendav v. süvendav jne: idiosünkraatiad mis sotsiaalse turumajanduse liidus on väga olulised liikmesriikide konvergentsi efektiivseks küberneetiliseks optimumkoordineerimiseks liidu tsentri poolt**.

 

*) http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/2-16062014-BP/EN/2-16062014-BP-EN.PDF

 Eurostat: 92/2014 – 16 June 2014 „Taxation trends in the European Union“

The overall tax-to-GDP ratio1, meaning the sum of taxes and compulsory social contributions in % of GDP, in the EU282 stood at 39.4% in 2012, up from 38.8% in 2011. The overall tax ratio in the euro area2 (EA18) increased to 40.4% in 2012 from 39.5% in 2011. In 2013, Eurostat estimates show that tax revenues as a percentage of GDP are set to continue rising in both zones.

The tax burden varies significantly between Member States, ranging in 2012 from less than 30% of GDP in Lithuania (27.2%), Bulgaria and Latvia (both 27.9%), Romania and Slovakia (both 28.3%) and Ireland (28.7%), to more than 40% of GDP in Denmark (48.1%), Belgium (45.4%), France (45.0%), Sweden (44.2%), Finland (44.1%), Italy (44.0%) and Austria (43.1%).

Between 2011 and 2012, increases in tax-to-GDP ratios of more than 1 percentage point were recorded in Hungary (from 37.3% to 39.2%), Italy (from 42.4% to 44.0%), Greece (from 32.4% to 33.7%), France (from 43.7% to 45.0%), Belgium (from 44.2% to 45.4%) and Luxembourg (from 38.2% to 39.3%), while the largest falls in the ratio were registered in Portugal (from 33.2% to 32.4%), the United Kingdom (from 35.8% to 35.4%) and Slovakia (from 28.6% to 28.3%).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

**) vt nt https://uloennuste.wordpress.com/2014/03/29/nbnbnb/

Advertisements

June 18, 2014 - Posted by | Uncategorized

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: