Ülo Ennuste Economics

papers and articles in wordpress

Note 4.IX 17

This Note takes radom stock of some last publications released on theoretical insights from modern national sustainabilty socio-cybernetic toolskits

 

Gouveia, Valdiney V.; Taciano L. Milfont, Valeschka M. Guerra (2014)  „Functional theory of human values: Testing its content and structure hypotheses“ – Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 60: 41-47.

A b s t r a c t

A theoretical analysis of the functions values fulfill is described by focusing on two widely accepted value functions: values guide actions and express needs. The interplay between these two functions yields a three-by-two framework differentiating values according to their pursued goals (personal, central or social goals) or their expressed needs (survival or thriving needs). The three-by-two framework results in six subfunctions or basic values (structure hypothesis) assessed with specific marker values vorming the Basic Values Survey (content hypothesis). The present paper tests these theoretical hypotheses in a

large national sample of Brazilian physicians (N = 13,414). The results support both hypotheses and proovide further empirical evidence for the functional theory of values. Discussion centers on the theory as a refinement of existing value models due to its parsimonious and theoretically-driven approach, and its merit as an additional theoretical tool for understanding the structure of the value domain.

_ 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

 

Anna J. Wieczorek, Anna J. (2017) „Sustainability transitions in developing countries: Major insights and their implications for research and policy“- Environmental Science and Policy … :

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901117308092/pdfft?md5=356d4ddaa43abb991df16df4181cb015&pid=1-s2.0-S1462901117308092-main.pdf

Abstract

Sustainability transitions literature is a rapidly growing and influential field of research. It argues for a radical change of systems providing human needs. Being triggered by the negative implications of the Western post-war model of development, major transition frameworks such as multilevel perspective, strategic niche management or transition management have been widely used to clarify and motivate socio-technical transformations in mainly more economically developed world. Because of their sustainability appeal, however, transition perspectives began to be applied in developing countries. This paper takes stock of and systematises the theoretical insights from this application. Using systematic review method of 115 publications released in the last decade,

the paper discusses novel methodological and conceptual lessons around: experimentation and upscaling; stability, change and power; regime uniformity; contextual forces; path-dependence; transnational linkages; normatiive orientation and other aspects. Although the identified insights confirm the middle range character of the transition theory, they force some reflexivity and raise new research questions for both contexts. The paper also

identifies a few policy implication for international organisations, donors, governments and civil society organisations.

Bosker, Maarten; Joppe de Ree (2014)) „Ethnicity and the spread of civil war“- Journal of Development Economics, Volume 108: 206-221.

Civil wars tend to cluster in particular areas of the world. We provide empirical evidence that cross-border conflict spillovers are an important factor in explaining this pattern. Moreover, we show that ethnicity plays a key role in conditioning the spread of civil wars. Only ethnic wars tend to spill over, and ethnic wars are more likely to spill over along ethnic lines. The latter result is robust to the inclusion of a host of (other) crossborder characteristics, such as geographical factors and trade intensity. We estimate that a neighboring ethnic civil war increases the risk of an outbreak of ethnic civil war on the home territory by 4–6% points.

© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

 

Ahlerup, Pelle; Gustav Hansson (2011) „Nationalism and government effectiveness“ – Journal of Comparative Economics Volume 39, Issue 3, September 2011, Pages 431–451.

A b s t r a c t

Nation-building is believed to have a positive influence on economic and political outcomes, especially in countries with ethnically fragmented populations. Yet nationalism, an indicator of successful nation-building, has been empirically linked to protectionism and intolerance, which suggests that dismal performance is a more likely outcome. This paper empirically identifies an inverted U-shaped relationship between nationalism and government effectiveness. The results suggest that the level of nationalism in the population is higher than optimal in most countries. It is further shown that nationalism may mitigate the negative effects of ethnic heterogeneity in former colonies. We find no clear linkages between nationalism and trade openness. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Zack, Naomi (2009) Ethics for Disaster. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):164, Kindle.
Ethics for Disaster addresses the moral aspects of hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, plane crashes, Avian Flu pandemics, and other disasters. Naomi Zack explores how these catastrophes illuminate the existing inequalities in society. By employing the moral systems of utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics to analyze the consequences of recent natural disasters, Zack reveals the special plight of the poor, disabled, and infirm when tragedy strikes. Zack explores the political foundations of social contract theory and dignitarianism and invites readers to rethink the distinction between risk in normal times and risk in disaster. Using both real life and fictional examples, Zack forcefully argues for the preservation of normal moral principles in times of national crisis and emergency, stressing the moral obligation of both individuals and government in preparing for and responding to disaster (https://books.google.ee/books?isbn=0742564959 

 Akerlof, Georg; Robert Shiller (2015) Phishing for Phools: The Economics of Manipulation and Deception, ISBN: 9781400873265 Princeton University Press, Princeton, NY and Kindle Edition: 280 pp.

“Akerlof and Shiller extend the standard ‘market failure’ theory–which says that there is a potential role for government intervention when markets fail–by showing that markets fail not only because of the familiar reasons of externalities and unfair income distribution, but also because of the pervasive phenomenon of ‘phishing for phools’ (profit-seeking through manipulation and deception). They point the way to a new paradigm freed from the constraints of market failure theory, able to illuminate ‘control by capital’ (partly through phishing) and to prescribe for ‘control of capital’ (partly by techniques for limiting phishing suggested here).” – Robert H. Wade, London School of Economics.

le Carrè, John (2017 Sept 7) A Legasy of Spies. Kindle

Interweaving past with present so that each may tell its own intense story, John le Carré has spun a single plot as ingenious and thrilling as the two predecessors on which it looks back: The Spy Who Came in from the Cold and Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy. In a story resonating with tension, humor and moral ambivalence, le Carré and his narrator Peter Guillam present the reader with a legacy of unforgettable characters old and new

Perea, Andrés (2017) „Forward induction reasoning and correct beliefs“- Journal ofEconomicTheory169: 489–516 http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jet

Abstract

All equilibrium concepts implicitly make a correct beliefs assumption, stating that a player believes that his opponents are correct about his first-order beliefs. In this paper we show that in many dy-namic games of interest, this correct beliefs assumption may be incompatible with a very basic form of forward induction reasoning: the first two layers of extensive-form rationalizability (Pearce, 1984;Battigalli, 1997, epistemically characterized by Battigalli and Siniscalchi, 2002). Hence, forward induction reasoning naturally leads us away from equilibrium reasoning. In the second part we classify the games for which equilibrium reasoning isconsistent with this type of forward induction reasoning, and find that this class is very small.

©2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Volker Nocke, Nicolas Schutz (2017) „Quasi-linear integrability“ –

Journal of Economic Theory, Volume 169: 603-628.

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September 4, 2017 - Posted by | Uncategorized

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