Ülo Ennuste Economics

papers and articles in wordpress

Memo 20.I 18

Weiss, Martin; Claudio Cattaneo (2017) „Stock and Reviewing an Emerging Academic Paradigm“ –  Ecological Economics 137  220–230:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.01.014

http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

Abstract

Degrowth has evolved within a decade from an activist movement into a multi-disciplinary academic paradigm. However, an overview taking stock of the peer-refereed degrowth literature is yet missing. Here, we review 91 articles that were published between 2006 and 2015. We find that the academic degrowth discourse occupies a small but expanding niche at the intersection of social and applied environmental sciences. The discourse is shaped by authors from high-income, mainly Mediterranean, countries. Until 2012, articles largely constitute conceptual essays endorsed by normative claims. More recently, degrowth has branched out into modelling, empirical assessments, and the study of concrete implementations. Authors tend to agree in that economic growth cannot be sustained

ad infinitum on a resource constraint planet and that degrowth requires far reaching societal change. Whether degrowth should be considered as a collectively consented choice or an environmentally-imposed inevitability constitutes amajor debate among degrowth thinkers.We argue that the academic discourse could benefit fromrigid hypotheses testing through input-outputmodelling, material flow analysis, life-cycle assessments, or social surveys. By analyzing the potentials for non-market value creation and identifying concrete well-being benefits, the degrowth discourse could receive wider public support and contribute to a paradigmatic change in the social sciences.

© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Summary of Discussion Papers uploaded to our website week ending 25/02/2018 (for details see below).

This email lists all the CEPR Discussion Papers uploaded to http://www.cepr.org in the last week. Clicking on the Discussion Paper number in the list below will take you to the abstract page for that paper and clicking on the PDF link will take you directly to the paper itself if you are a Corporate Member of CEPR, a CEPR Research Fellow or Affiliate or a subscriber to CEPR Discussion Papers.

Journalists are entitled to free access on request; if you have not yet registered, please contact pressoffice@cepr.org.

DP12754 Early Gender Gaps Among University Graduates

Author(s): Marco Francesconi, Matthias Parey

Date of Publication: February 2018

Programme Area(s): LE

Keyword(s): gender wage gap, Field of study, University graduates, Germany

Abstract: We use data from six cohorts of university graduates in Germany to assess the extent of gender gaps in college and labor market performance twelve to eighteen months after graduation. Men and women enter college in roughly equal numbers, but more women than men complete their degrees. Women enter college with slightly better high school grades, but women leave university with slightly lower marks. Immediately following university completion, male and female full-timers work very similar number of hours per week, but men earn more than women across the pay distribution, with an unadjusted gender gap in full-time monthly earnings of about 20 log points on average. Including a large set of controls reduces the gap to 5-10 log points. The single most important proximate factor that explains the gap is field of study at university.

DP12753 Ramsey Taxation in the Global Economy

Author(s): V. V. Chari, Juan Pablo Nicolini, Pedro Teles

Date of Publication: February 2018

Programme Area(s): IMF

Keyword(s): Capital income tax; free trade; value-added taxes; border adjustment; origin- and destination-based taxation; production e

Abstract: We study cooperative optimal Ramsey equilibria in the open economy addressing classic policy questions: Should restrictions be placed to free trade and capital mobility? Should capital income be taxed? Should goods be taxed based on origin or destination? What are desirable border adjustments? How can a Ramsey allocation be implemented with residence-based taxes on assets? We characterize optimal wedges and analyze alternative policy implementations.

Advertisements

January 20, 2018 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment